Timeline of Events Shaping Lewis County, WV (1763-1840)
by Joy Stalnaker
1763 – John & Samuel PRINGLE live in tree at Turkey Run, Upshur Co, for 3 years
1769 – John HACKER settles on Hacker’s Creek & first white child, William HACKER, born
1773/1774 – First fort at today’s Jane Lew built
ca 1775 – John HACKER establishes one of first grist mills in area on Hacker’s Creek
1776-1783 – American Revolution
1776 – Monongalia County formed
1777 – Year of the Bloody Sevens – massacres along the western frontier. John HACKER and others served with Capt. James BOOTH defending the frontier.
1778 – Indian attacks. Elizabeth HACKERFREEMAN, Thomas HUGHES, Issac WASHBURN, and numerous others were killed during this year in separate attacks.
1779-1780 – Fort abandoned with settlers going to Nutter’s Fort & Bushes Fort. Fort
burned in one of these years.
1790 – Beech Fort, later called West’s Fort, built where is now Jane Lew Fire
1790 - George Adam BUSH first settler at present day Freemansburg
1780-1790 – John SLEETH Trading Post
1784 – Harrison County formed. First county court held at Pringle Tree community.
1784 – Methodism came to America from England.
1787 – Shawnee-SCHOOLCRAFT raid on Hacker’s Creek Settlement
1788 - New York City is chosen as temporary seat of US Government
US Constitution ratified.
1789 - George WASHINGTON is first president; John ADAMS is first vice president.
1790 – Circuit riders from Methodist Church began visiting the county.
1790 - First Census of US
1791 - Bill of Rights added to Constitution
1792 – WAGGONER Family tragedy; Henry McWHORTER built mill at today’s Jane Lew
1793 - Eli WHITNEY patented cotton gin.
1794 – COZAD children captured by Indians – last raid in the county.
1795 – Greenville Treaty brought peace with Indians in the West
1795 – Families began to leave Lewis County and head west
1797 - John HARDMAN was first settler on Little Skin Creek (mouth of Curtis Run)
and operated a mill that served the area.
Richard JOHNSON followed shortly and was first settler on Big Skin Creek.
1800 - George COLLINS & Daniel TURVEY were first settlers in Collins Settlement
on lands patented to Col. George JACKSON.
1800 - School being taught by Henry McWHORTER and others at old West's Fort.
1801 – Edward JACKSON’s grist Mill built on West Fork - sawmill added soon after
1803 - Louisiana Purchase
1804-1806 - Lewis and Clark Expedition to Pacific Ocean
1804 – Broad Run Baptist Church established
1808 - Widespread economic decline throughout U.S.
1808 - Thomas McCARTNEY built home near mouth of Bennett Run for William &
1809? - Jackson's Mill Post Office
1810 - George BUSH, then Henry CURTIS, operated mill near Gaston
1810 – Clarksburg had 31 families living there
1812 - Star Spangled Banner written; War of 1812
1813 - Andrew "Old Ireland" WILSON believed to have settled near Ireland
1816 – Dec 18 - measure forming Lewis County passed
1817 – Preston and then Fleshersville established
1818 – Dams on Little Kanawha and the West Fork proposed.
1818 - Henry HARDMAN teaching in "Old Field" School near Vandalia.
1819 – Fleshersville became Weston
1819 - Earliest major economic depression in the U.S.
1819 – Harmony Methodist Church built.
1819 - Alabama is 22nd state admitted to Union
1820 – First bridge in county at Maxwell’s Run
1820 – Road to saltworks in today’s Braxton County surveyed
1821 - Post office established in Collins Settlement, the third p.o. in the county.
1822 – Bailey House opened in Weston
1823 – Staunton and Parkersburg Turnpike proposed. First funds the next year.
1824 - Thomas Jonathan JACKSON born in nearby Clarksburg
1825 - Bush's grist and saw mill established; eventually became town of Roanoke
1827 – Methodist Church split.
1828 – Survey for S&P Turnpike completed.
1828 - Post office established at Freemansburg. Alexander K. SLEETH first postmaster.
1830 – Peter SWISHER killed by falling tree. Berlin Methodist church established
1831-1838 - Hackersville post office.
1832 – Minter BAILEY granted license to keep an ordinary at Bailey House
1833 - 33 common schools in county supported by Virginia Literary Fund
1834 - Mt. Gilead/Georgetown Methodist Church established on land donated by
1835 - William BENNETT started mill at Walkersville
1836 – Dams on Little Kanawha and West Fork proposed again.
1836 – Construction begun on Weston & Gauley Bridge Turnpike; Weston and
Charleston Turnpike layed out.
1836 - New school built on Skin Creek. Teachers included PETERSON, HARDMAN and
1837 - Second major economic depression in America
1837 - Samuel F.B. MORSE invents telegraph
1839 - Jane Lew Post Office
1840 - Only two settlements were made in the Courthouse District before this date.
1841 – Portions of Staunton & Parkersburg Turnpike opened.